秋天好 | Autumn is good

Do you like fall?  We talked about autumn (qiū)(tiān) in this weekend’s Chinese lesson.

(qiū)(tiān)(dào)(qiū)(tiān)(hǎo)
(lán)(lán)(tiān)(kōng)白(bái)(yún)飘(piāo)
(bǎo)(bǎo)(tái)(tóu)(hā)(hā)(xiào)
magic math mandarin

Fall is here.  Fall is good.
Blue sky and white clouds.
The baby looks up and laughs.

Besides 中文, we are also working with other organizations to help children with computer programming 编程.

极客星晨少儿编程

zero, one and two | 零,一,二

It is not easy for a young child to comprehend multiplication by 1, as how they are taught in school is often the robotic multiplication table.   She or he can very quickly answer mutiplications by 2, or 3.    Because of this, questions like “what is the product of 1,2, 3, 4” (i.e. 4 factorial) can get a wide range of answers because the number “1” confuses the young mind.

Pychologist says that an infant learns the number 2 before the number 1.   And we can see why: with 2, there is something to compare against, like two fingers.  If there is only one finger, there is no variation, it is confusing.

When we teach multiplication, don’t forget to show that math is an integral part of the real world around us.   It is invented to simplify addition.  Multiply by 1 means just the thing itself.  Multiply by 2 means adding two of this thing together.  Multiply by 3 means adding three of the thing together.  The thing can be a bag of candies or the footage of a home.

Finally, we should show children how to use computers (not calculators) to do computations.   While a question like “give me the sum from 1 to 199” can be solved within seconds with math tricks, a slightly different question “give me the product from 1 to 199” won’t work with the same trick.  But if you know how to make the computer do the job, you can still answer it within seconds.

 

Parents and students in China – impressions from our summer trip | 中国家长和学生- 暑期中国行印象

We always knew that Chinese parents and teachers are dedicated to education.   Even so, we were still amazed by how Chinese teachers and parents are working hand-in-hand pushing the boundaries of education.

We don’t necessarily agree with everything they do, such as the bias towards solving test problems in classes.  But there are a great deal more things we agree or appreciate, such as relentless hard work and practice than ones we don’t appreciate.

Below is a snapshot of a first-day summer class for seven year old children.   Just look at how intently the parents are.   Some parents sat through the entire class to take notes, and some sat in the lounge in the corridor chatting about schools or doing various things while waiting for their kids.    The temperature was about 100 degrees outside.

Magic Math Mandarin

The level of dedication is astonishing. 

From time investment perspective, at least one family member, whether mother, father or a grandparent, spends as much as 20 hours and up each week on their children’s education.   

From the money side, summer/winter break, weekend, or after-hour schoolings are privately run, which aren’t cheap.   Some well-to-do ones have spent hundreds of thousands (measured in US dollars) before high school.  Some bold ones even send their kids, sometimes as young as eight or nine years old, to overseas private boarding schools in exclusive locations in Switzerland, the UK and other places.    Poorer families still pay for various lessons to make sure their kids are as nourished as possible in education.   For those very constraint in resources, such as those parents who must work 7 days a week, we saw their kids studying with video lessons on mobile phones in cram corners instead of hanging out loose.  

The primary motivation is the quality of survival for the next generation: to get into top middle schools, top high schools, top universities, great social network and ultimately great jobs in adulthood.   Parents start count down of the number of days till college entrance exam even at primary schools.   Kids routinely study until mid-night since third grade, and don’t get a day off until winter/summer break.

On the contrary, in United States, students and parents are heard asking for less homework and more free time to play.    Over the last two decades, the quality of education, as measured by test scores, have steadily declined in the US.   Less work is a key factor.  However, a deeper question is: why do American parents and kids want less work from schools?   These questions need to be answered by representative data, not ideaologies.

Math olympia medal count analysis | 奥数奖牌分析

The International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO) is an annual six-problem mathematical olympiad for pre-college students younger than 20. The first IMO was held in Romania in 1959. As we will see, eastern Europeans were top performers in the IMO in the earlier years. You can find the summary data analysis in our Jupyter Notebook on GitHub.

It has since been held annually, except in 1980 (what happened in 1980?). More than 100 countries, representing over 90% of the world’s population, send teams of up to six students (under 20 years old) to compete.

Problems cover extremely difficult algebra, pre-calculus, and branches of mathematics not conventionally covered at school and often not at university level either, such as
– projective and complex geometry
– functional equations
– combinatorics
– number theory (where extensive knowledge of theorems is required).

No calculus is required. Supporters of not requiring calculus claim that this allows “more universality and creates an incentive to find elegant, deceptively simple-looking problems which nevertheless require a certain level of ingenuity”.

Rank Country Appearance Gold Silver Bronze Honorable_Mentions
0 1 China 32 147 33 6 0
1 2 United States 43 119 111 29 1
2 3 Russia 26 92 52 12 0
3 4 Hungary 57 81 160 95 10
4 5 Soviet Union 29 77 67 45 0
5 6 Romania 58 75 141 100 4
6 7 South Korea 30 70 67 27 7
7 8 Vietnam 41 59 109 70 1
8 9 Bulgaria 58 53 111 107 10
9 10 Germany 40 49 98 75 11

To see a world in a grain of sand | 从沙粒看世界

Professor ShouCheng Zhang “passed away”. He is forever with us, seeing a world in a grain of sand, holding infinity in
hand.

这是张首晟所有视频里我们最喜欢的一个视频。 张教授深入浅出,循循善诱。尽管已经“离世”, 张教授永远和我们在一起从沙粒看世界,把永恒留在刹那时光。

We won’t quote any physics or mathematics from the video, except the title of the lecture, originally from William
Blake, and dedicate them to Professor Zhang:

To see a world in a grain of sand
And a heaven in a wild flower,
Hold infinity in the palm of your hand
And eternity in an hour.
一颗沙里看出一个世界
一朵野花里一座天堂
把无限放在你的手掌
永恒在一剎那里收藏

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Chinese style education & empty basketball courts |中国式教育和空荡荡的蓝球场

I was in China this November to conduct surveys on education.  I had a few chances of sitting in some after school education programs and cram school classes, including XDF新东方, and was shocked by the amount of work Chinese kids have to do and was saddened by the way they are learning.

Let’s talk about the amount of work first.   I saw very few kids out and about any time of day except commuting hours.   Basketball courts are empty, even on weekends.   Where are all the kids?  They are in endless cram school 补习班 classes.

A middle school child routinely gets up before 7 am and does not go to sleep until midnight or after.   Middle school students stay in school until 8 pm, and work on additional homework from 8 pm till midnight.   Younger students are often working similar hours.
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Innovation in education | 教育创新

We don’t hear about startups in education in America as we hear about them in other industries. Why? There are multiple reasons. One is the belief that superior education and profit making are conflicting.  Are they?

Superior customer service in other industries seems to lead to higher profit. People don’t have any issues with that. Then why with education?

It shouldn’t.

So why?
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小蛇 | Little snake

(cǎo)(zhōng)(yì)(gēn)(shéng)
(wān)(wān)(qū)(qū)(háng)
(hóu)(zi)(kàn)(jiàn)(máng)(duǒ)(kāi)
(qīng)(wā)(kàn)(jiàn)(máng)(táo)(mìng)

A snake can look like a rope.  Don’t get bitten by a snake!!!  It might be poisonous!!!!!!!

帆(fān)船(chuán) | Sailing Ship

(lán)(hǎi)(wān)(piāo)(fān)(chuán)
(fān)(chuán)(guà)(zhe)(bái)(chuán)(fān)
(fēng)(chuī)(chuán)(fān)(fān)(chuán)(zǒu)
(chuán)(fān)(dài)(zhe)(chuán)(xiàng)(qián)  

Be careful don’t fall into the water!!!!!!

长(cháng)颈(jǐng)鹿(lù) | Giraffe

(cháng)(jǐng)鹿(lù)(zhēn)(piào)(liang)
(zhuān)(bǎ)(gāo)(chù)(nèn)(yè)(cháng)
(niǎo)(ér)(ài)(tā)(huā)(yī)(shang)
(sōng)(shǔ)(tàn)(tā)(bó)(zi)(cháng)